lion

li·on (lī’ən)
n.
1. A large carnivorous feline mammal (Panthera leo) of Africa and northwest India, having a short tawny coat, a tufted tail, and, in the male, a heavy mane around the neck and shoulders.
2. A mountain lion.
3. a) A very brave person. b) A person regarded as fierce or savage. c) A noted person; a celebrity: »

a literary lion.

4. Lion See LEO(Cf. ↑Leo).
Idiom:
lion's share The greatest or best part.
[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin leō, leōn-, from Greek leōn, of Semitic origin; see lbʾ.]
Word History: Old French lion is the source of English lion, and the Old French word comes from Latin leō, leōnis. The Latin word is related somehow to Greek leōn, leontos (earlier *lewōn, *lewontos), which appears in the name of the Spartan king Leonidas, "Lion's son," who perished at Thermopylae. The Greek word is somehow related to Coptic labai, laboi, "lioness." In turn, Coptic labai is borrowed from a Semitic source related to Hebrew lābī' and Akkadian labbu. There is also a native ancient Egyptian word, rw (where r can stand for either r or l and vowels were not indicated), which is surely related as well. Since lions were native to Africa, Asia, and Europe in ancient times (Aristotle tells us there were lions in Macedon in his day), we have no way of ascertaining who borrowed which word from whom.
lion
male (left) and female (right) lions
Panthera leo

Word Histories. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lion — [ ljɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1080; lat. leo, leonis I ♦ 1 ♦ Grand mammifère carnivore, grand félin à pelage fauve, à crinière brune et fournie, à queue terminée par une grosse touffe de poils, vivant en Afrique et en Asie. Les lions de l Atlas ont disparu.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lion — lion, onne (li on, o n ) s. m. et f. 1°   Quadrupède carnivore, très courageux, qui habite principalement l Afrique ; le mâle a le cou entouré d une crinière. •   Le malheureux lion se déchire lui même, Fait résonner sa queue à l entour de ses… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Lion — ist der Vorname von: Lion Feuchtwanger (1884–1958), deutscher Schriftsteller Lion ist der Familienname von: Alexander Lion (1870–1962), Mitbegründer der deutschen Pfadfinderbewegung Alfred Lion (1909–1987), deutsch US amerikanischer Jazz… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lion — Li on (l[imac] [u^]n), n. [F. lion, L. leo, onis, akin to Gr. le wn. Cf. {Chameleon}, {Dandelion}, {Leopard}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) A large carnivorous feline mammal ({Panthera leo}, formerly {Felis leo}), found in Southern Asia and in most parts of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lion — LION, [li]onne. s. Animal feroce dont le propre est de rugir. On appelle le lion le Roy des animaux. les Naturalistes disent que les lions ont tousjours la fievre. la gueule d un lion. le rugissement d un lion. un lion rugissant. la lionne est la …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Lion.cc — Unternehmensform Aktiengesellschaft Unternehmenssitz Münster Website …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • lion.cc — Motto King of Books Beschreibung Onlin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lion d’or — Lion d or Le Lion d or de Saint Marc est la principale récompense attribuée à un film dont c est la première présentation lors de la Mostra de Venise. Il n a pas été décerné de 1969 à 1979, après les contestations de 1968. (Il existe un autre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • lion — late 12c., from O.Fr. lion lion, figuratively hero, from L. leonem (nom. leo) lion; the constellation leo, from Gk. leon (gen. leontos), from a non I.E. language, perhaps Semitic (Cf. Heb. labhi lion, pl. lebaim; Egyptian labai, lawai lioness ).… …   Etymology dictionary

  • lion — [lī′ən] n. pl. lions or lion [OFr < L leo (gen. leonis) < Gr leōn (gen. leontos)] 1. a large, powerful cat (Panthera leo), found in Africa and SW Asia, with a tawny coat, a tufted tail, and, in the adult male, a shaggy mane: in folklore and …   English World dictionary

  • LION — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lion (homonymie). Le LION, ou Lower Indian Ocean Network, est un câble sous marin en cours d installation par France Télécom dans le sud ouest de l océan Indien. Il doit relier, à moyen terme, Madagascar à l île… …   Wikipédia en Français

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